Medical marijuana is the part of the cannabis plant recommended by doctors for patients in order to treat medical problems. The marijuana plant although is believed to be medicinal but there are not enough scientific proofs to back up this claim.
Medical Marijuana and Recreational Marijuana
You might be wondering what makes medical marijuana different from the marijuana used for pleasure. The differences and similarities are not far-fetched, let’s take a look at some of the distinctions.
First off, it’s important to know that the marijuana plant has many chemicals called cannabinoids. Of all these, the main ones used for medicinal purposes are the Tetrahydrocannabinol or THC and Cannabidiol, CBD.
THC is the active ingredient in marijuana that makes you get high when you take it. On the other side, CBD doesn’t produce any psychoactive effects so you don’t get high when you take marijuana with higher CBD content.
So the reason medical marijuana doesn’t make you feel high like the recreational marijuana because it contains a higher percentage of CBD.
Uses of Medical Marijuana
Medical marijuana has beneficial effects and some of the benefits are discussed below.
- Medical Marijuana For Pain Management
Pain management is one of the reasons for which doctors prescribe medical marijuana. There have been claims from different people that marijuana helps them for pain management.
So how does marijuana help in reducing chronic pain? Like many pain relief medications, the THC present in marijuana causes hindrance for the pain signals in the central nervous system. It simply stops the transmission of pain signal and that makes your body feels comfortable.
Also, the CBD present in Marijuana may reduce the cravings for certain drugs by binding to your brain receptors. And can help you stop addiction to certain drugs.
Glaucoma is an eye condition which is caused by an increase in pressure within the eye and can lead to the severe condition if it’s not treated urgently. It’s been reported that Cannabinoids can lower intraocular pressure by increasing ocular blood flow thus preventing the glaucoma condition.
However, studies have shown that the effect on lowering IOP is a short-term effect. While lowering of IOP can be regarded as beneficial effect studies have shown that it also reduces the body blood pressure.
- Antitumor Properties
There are many reports out there that claim marijuana can cure cancer. This claim may not be correct because there have been conflicting results from studies carried out so far on anticancer properties of medical marijuana.
However, marijuana has many medical benefits and one of them is antitumor properties. Many medical kinds of research have shown antitumor properties of marijuana.
A study also found that when THC (a chemical compound found in marijuana ) is combined with the GBM therapy strong antitumor activities are observed in mice with glioma xenografts.
How Do You Get Medical Marijuana?
Before you can get medical marijuana, you may need to get a prescription from a physician and be in a state where medical marijuana is legalized. In some cases, you need to prove you’re suffering from medical conditions that qualify you to take medical marijuana.
On a final note, medical marijuana has some potential medical applications. However, more scientific studies will help to establish more facts to back up its medical claims.